Wheat (or Triticum spp. in Latin) is a worldwide known crop. Almost any national cuisine has something cooked from wheat: hundreds of recipes are based on wheat flour, from cookies to fermented beverages, as wheat is an affordable source of energy. Wheat is actually a sort of grass, and raw wheat is indigestible for people; therefore it should be properly cooked.


Oats (or Avena sativa in Latin) is a very famous cereal as well, it was actually considered beneficial for human health by medieval doctors. Recent research tends to reveal even more facts regarding the benefits of eating oats on a regular basis.

Comparison chart



Used worldwide for traditional cuisine recipes

Considered to be very healthy and used in dietary menus

Contains gluten

Is gluten-free

May cause digestion problems

Very good for improving digestion


Oats vs Wheat

What is the difference between oats and wheat?

Wheat is included on the list of the world’s most famous staple foods, as it has a high nutrition value and a low price, and gives a lot of options for cooking. Wheat is the third most popular crop in the world (only maize and rice are more popular).

Raw wheat can be turned into ordinary white flour, semolina, malt and bulgur – yes, they are all produced from wheat! This cereal is used for preparing fermented drinks, can be used as natural fuel or even as construction or design material (for roofs made of straw or straw hats).

Oats have dozens of use options; most often they are crushed into oatmeal for cooking, but just like wheat, oats can be ground into oat flour. Traditionally oatmeal is eaten as porridge, but some people prefer gruel, which is less thick.

Oat flour can be used for baking and frying, and oat flakes are commonly used for muesli mixtures or granola.

Oat bran and oatmeal are great sources of dietary fiber. They contain approximately 50/50 soluble and insoluble fibers and both have been proved to be necessary for maintaining important body functions. Soluble fiber is a great weapon against a high level of bad cholesterol (LDL) in blood; many doctors recommend consuming about 50-100 g of oats daily to get better results in lowering the LDL level. In addition oats help to control blood sugar level due to their moderate glycemic index (i.e. producing no dramatic rises or drops in blood sugar level).

Whole-grain wheat is also a very good source of dietary fiber, unlike regular white wheat flour and dishes cooked with it.